Essentials Custom Components

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Custom Components

You can build your own components when the provided ones are not sufficient. Since we try as hard as possible to provide an out-of-the-box experience, we would love to hear about your custom component use case before you build it.

Let us know about your use case for a custom component via our issue tracker.

What is a custom component

A custom component is a Vue.js component that has access to the search store.

It can:

  • mutate the state of the search store
  • get the state from the search store

How to create a custom component

We have a Component mixin for you to use:

<!-- CurrentQuery.vue -->
    {{ query }}

import { Component } from 'vue-instantsearch';

export default {
  mixins: [Component],
  computed: {
    query() {
      return this.searchStore.query;

This component will display the current search query.

How it works

By using the Component mixin, the custom component will automatically be able to access this.searchStore.

This is made possible because the Component mixin injects the searchStore. You can read more about the inject/provide feature on the Vue.js documentation.

The search store will be automatically fetched from a parent Index component higher in the DOM tree.

As a reminder, you can also provide your custom searchStore to any custom component as a property.

Best practices

To ensure consistency and re-usability for custom components, we recommend reviewing the following guidelines.

Styles and CSS classes

  • Vue InstantSearch uses ais as a prefix for CSS classes, we recommend choosing a different prefix to avoid conflicts
  • We do not recommend the use of scoped styles, it makes it very hard to override them.
  • Use the BEM notation with only one depth level.
  • Think about reusability: ship the bare minimum style for your component to be displayed well, while allowing for easy customization.

Vue component

  • Use the Component mixin that we provide. This will make sure your component can resolve the searchStore if not provided. It ensures the searchStore prop is available in your component at any time.
  • If you need to mutate the searchStore multiple times, please use searchStore.stop() and searchStore.start(), so that other components don’t update their rendering on every intermediary state mutation. Do not forget the searchStore.refresh() if you want to sync the store afterwards.
  • Make sure that when the component is mounted, you catch up with the searchStore. You can optionally mutate the state of the searchStore at this stage.
  • When a component is unmounted or destroyed, make sure that you leave the searchStore in a state that does not include things you might have added (facets / filters / etc.).
  • Make sure your component gracefully handles any state of the searchStore.